Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policy
The state should meaningfully assess principal performance. This goal remained consistent between 2017 and 2019.
Objective Student Growth Measures: New York requires student performance to play a role in a principal's evaluation rating; a matrix determines the overall rating.
Link to Teacher Effectiveness/Instructional Leadership: New York standards for principals link evaluations to instructional leadership.
Improvement Plans: New York requires an improvement plan for all principals who receive a rating of developing or ineffective.
Surveys: New York explicitly prohibits the inclusion of parent or student feedback for the purposes of principal evaluation.
Education Law 3012-D http://www.regents.nysed.gov/common/regents/files/meetings/Revised%20Subpart%2030-2%2030-3_0.pdf 30-3.2 of the Rules of the Board of Regents
Require or explicitly allow surveys.
New York should require—or at the very least, explicitly allow—survey data to be included in a principal's evaluation rating. These data could be derived from school climate, teacher, student, or school community surveys and are necessary to provide data about a principal's overall leadership of the school community.
New York was helpful in providing the facts necessary for this analysis.
7G: Principal Effectiveness
Research demonstrates that there is a clear link between school leadership and school outcomes. Principals foster school improvement by shaping school goals, policies and practices, and social and organizational structures. Principals vary significantly in their effectiveness, and research suggests that high-quality principals positively affect student achievement, in-school discipline, parents' perceptions of schools, and school climates. Further, principals affect teacher retention and recruitment; effective principals are more adept at retaining effective teachers and removing ineffective teachers. The time principals spend on organizational management, instructional programming, and teacher evaluation is critically important for positive effects on teachers and students. Because principals are an essential component of creating successful schools, their effectiveness should be regularly evaluated by trained evaluators on systems that include objective measures. Such systems will help to ensure that all principals receive the feedback and support necessary to improve their practice and, ultimately, student and school outcomes.