General Teacher Preparation Policy
The state's approval process for teacher preparation programs should hold programs accountable for the quality of the teachers they produce. This goal was reorganized in 2017.
Minimum Standards of Performance: North Dakota does not require programs to collect meaningful data, and therefore does not set minimum standards of performance for these data.
Program Accountability: As a result of the lack of minimum standards of performance, North Dakota does not articulate consequences for programs that fail to meet specific criteria.
State Report Cards: North Dakota does not produce and publish an annual report card that shows all the data the state collects on individual teacher preparation programs. The state does report the number of program completers on its website.
Program Approval Process: North Dakota maintains full authority over teacher preparation program approval. Programs may pursue optional national accreditation in addition to state approval.
North Dakota Administrative Code 67.1-02-01-04 Program Approval Procedures https://www.nd.gov/espb/progapproval/docs/approval-procedures.pdf Program Completers https://www.nd.gov/espb/progapproval/docs/PROGRAMCOMPLETERS1314%20.pdf
Establish the minimum standards of performance for each category of data.
North Dakota should establish precise minimum standards for teacher preparation program performance for each category of data it collects to help clarify expectations regarding program quality.
Ensure that criteria for program approval result in greater accountability.
North Dakota should ensure that programs are held accountable for meeting minimum standards of performance, and that the state's accountability system is sufficient to differentiate performance among programs, including alternate route programs. The state should establish clear follow-up actions for programs failing to meet these standards, including remediation or loss of program approval as appropriate. For programs exceeding minimum standards, North Dakota should consider finding effective ways to disseminate best practices.
Publish an annual report card on the state's website.
North Dakota should produce its own annual report card that clearly displays program-level data the state collects on individual teacher preparation programs, rather than only reporting the number of program completers. The Title II report alone is insufficient, in part because it provides data at the institution, rather than certification program, level. Data should be presented in a manner that transparently conveys whether programs have met performance standards.
North Dakota provided that all institutions of higher education in North Dakota use CAEP standards and must be CAEP/Education Standards and Practices Board approved. The state added that Title II data is released each year.
1D: Program Reporting Requirements
The state should examine a number of factors when measuring the performance of and approving teacher preparation programs. Although the quality of both the subject-matter preparation and professional sequence is crucial, there are also additional measures that can provide the state and the public with meaningful, readily understandable indicators of how well programs are doing when it comes to preparing teachers to be successful in the classroom.
States have made great strides in building data systems with the capacity to provide evidence of teacher performance. These same data systems can be used to link teacher effectiveness to the teacher preparation programs from which they came. States should make such data, as well as other objective measures that go beyond licensure test pass rates, central components of their teacher preparation program approval processes, and they should establish precise standards for performance that are more useful for accountability purposes.
National accrediting bodies, such as CAEP, are raising the bar, but are no substitute for states' own policy. A number of states now have somewhat more rigorous academic standards for admission by virtue of requiring that programs meet CAEP's accreditation standards. However, whether CAEP will uniformly uphold its standards (especially as they have already backtracked on the GPA requirement) and deny accreditation to programs that fall short of these admission requirements remains to be seen. Clear state policy would eliminate this uncertainty and send an unequivocal message to programs about the state's expectations.