Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policy
The state should require instructional effectiveness to be the determinative criterion of any teacher evaluation. The bar for this goal was raised in 2017.
Impact of student growth: North Dakota requires its districts' teacher evaluation systems to "incorporate multiple valid measures, which are clearly related to increasing the standards-based teaching competencies, including a meaningful level of student growth, student academic achievement, and school performance." These measures must include performance reports from established standardized assessments where such assessments are conducted.
North Dakota does not require that teachers meet student growth goals or be rated at least effective for the student growth portion of their evaluation to earn an overall rating of effective.
State's role in evaluation system: North Dakota districts must implement locally designed evaluation systems aligned with the state's guidelines; the state approves such systems.
Teacher Evaluator Guidelines: https://www.nd.gov/dpi/uploads/133/ND_TeacherEvalGuidelines.pdf
Require instructional effectiveness to be a determinative criterion of any teacher evaluation.
Although North Dakota requires that objective evidence of student growth be included in a teacher's evaluation rating, it does not play a profound role in a teacher's overall evaluation rating. North Dakota should ensure that a teacher is not able to earn an overall rating of effective if he or she is rated less-than-effective at increasing student growth.
North Dakota recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.
7A: Measures of Student Growth
Many factors should be considered in formally evaluating a teacher; however, nothing is more important than effectiveness in the classroom. Value-added models are an important tool for measuring student achievement and school effectiveness. These models have the ability to measure individual students' learning gains, controlling for students' previous knowledge and background characteristics. While some research suggests value-added models are subject to bias and statistical limitations, rich data and strong controls can eliminate error and bias. In the area of teacher quality, examining student growth offers a fairer and potentially more meaningful way to evaluate a teacher's effectiveness than other methods schools use.
Unfortunately, districts have used many evaluation instruments, including some mandated by states, which are structured so that teachers can earn a satisfactory rating without any evidence that they are sufficiently advancing student learning in the classroom. Teacher evaluation instruments should include factors that combine both human judgment and objective measures of student learning.