Professional Development: Missouri

Retaining Effective Teachers Policy


The state should require professional development to be based on needs identified through teacher evaluations.

Meets goal
Suggested Citation:
National Council on Teacher Quality. (2011). Professional Development: Missouri results. State Teacher Policy Database. [Data set].
Retrieved from:

Analysis of Missouri's policies

Missouri requires that all teachers receive an Evaluation Report and have an evaluation conference. The report summarizes the teacher's performance based on data collected by the administrator or supervisor and includes a recommendation to renew or nonrenew the teacher's employment for the following year. The conference is an opportunity for the teacher and administrator to discuss the Evaluation Report.

The state requires that all teachers have either a professional development plan (PDP) or a professional improvement plan (PIP). Professional development for both tenured and nontenured teachers is based on data collected from teacher evaluations.


Recommendations for Missouri

State response to our analysis

Missouri had no comment on this goal.

Research rationale

For evidence of the benefits of feedback from evaluation systems, and the potential for professional development surrounding that feedback, see T. Kane et al, "Evaluating Teacher Effectiveness." Education Next. Vol 11, No. 3 (2011); E. Taylor and J. Tyler, "The Effect of Evaluation on Performance: Evidence from Longitudinal Student Achievement Data of Mid-Career Teachers." National Bureau of Economic Research (2011).

Much professional development, particularly those that are not aligned to specific feedback from teacher evaluations, has been found to be ineffective.  For evidence see M. Garet, "Middle School Mathematics Professional Development Impact Study: Findings After the Second Year of Implementation." Institute of Education Sciences (2011).

For additional evidence regarding best practices for professional development, see "The Deliver, Financing, and Assessment of Professional Development in Education: Pre-Service Preparation and In-Service Training." The Finance Project (2003).