The state should ensure that science teachers know all the subject matter they are licensed to teach.
Virginia does not offer certification in general science for secondary teachers. Teachers must be certified in a specific discipline within the subject area of science.
Middle school science teachers in Virginia must earn a science concentration that includes courses in biology, chemistry, physics, and earth and space science, with a laboratory course in two of the four areas. Commendably, candidates must also pass the Praxis II "Middle School Science" test.
Virginia Administrative Code 8-20-22-170 Praxis Testing Requirements www.ets.org
Virginia recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.