The state should ensure that new middle school and secondary teachers are fully prepared for the instructional shifts related to literacy associated with college-and career-readiness standards. This goal was reorganized in 2017.
Informational Texts: Although the Texas' Core Subjects 4-8 content assessment does not mention informational texts specifically, its competencies require
skills related to expository texts.
Standards for middle-grades social studies and science teachers
indicate that a teacher must be able to "use a variety of instructional
strategies to ensure all students' reading comprehension of
content-related texts, including helping students link the content of
texts to their lives and connect related ideas across different texts."
Literacy Skills: Although secondary tests in other content areas do not address incorporating literacy skills, Texas' educator standards do address these skills Texas's educator preparation curriculum must include "reading instruction, including instruction that improves students' content-area literacy." The state's teacher standards require that "teachers promote literacy and the academic language within the discipline and make discipline-specific language accessible to all learners."
Test Requirement http://cms.texes-ets.org/texes/ Undergraduate Educator Certification Requirements http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/index.cfm?objectid=7B5C8199-DD66-7300-333B2901D221FA26 Approved Educator Standards http://tea.texas.gov/Texas_Educators/Preparation_and_Continuing_Education/Approved_Educator_Standards/ Texas Education Code Subchapter B Sec. 21.0441(2)B and Subchapter D Sec. 21.050.a 19 TAC 228.30(b)(1); 149.1001
Ensure that middle and secondary school teachers are prepared to meet the
instructional requirements of college- and career-readiness standards for
Incorporate informational text of increasing complexity into classroom instruction.
Although Texas's preparation and standards for middle school and secondary teachers address informational and expository texts, the state should strengthen its policy and ensure that teachers are able to challenge students with texts of increasing complexity.
Texas recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.
3C: Adolescent Literary
The state should ensure that all middle and secondary teachers are sufficiently prepared for the ways that college- and career-readiness standards affect instruction in all subject areas. Specifically,
States must ensure that middle school and secondary teacher preparation programs prepare teachers to incorporate complex text into instruction and student practice. These are critical years of schooling when far too many students fall through the cracks.
With that said, college- and career-readiness standards are influencing significant shifts in literacy instruction.
College- and career-readiness standards for K-12 students adopted by nearly all states require from teachers a different focus on literacy integrated into all subject areas. The standards demand that teachers are prepared to bring complex text and academic language into regular use, emphasize the use of evidence from informational and literary texts, and build knowledge and vocabulary through content-rich texts. While most states have not ignored teachers' need for training and professional development related to these instructional shifts, states must also attend to the parallel need to align teacher competencies and requirements for teacher preparation so that new teachers will enter the classroom ready to help students meet the expectations of these standards.