Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policy
The state should ensure that teachers receive feedback about their performance and should require professional development to be based on needs identified through teacher evaluations. This goal remained consistent between 2017 and 2019.
Evaluation Feedback: South Carolina requires that its evaluation system, Expanded ADEPT, "provides teachers with clear, timely, and useful feedback." Classroom observations must be followed with a post-observation conference and written feedback.
Professional Development: South Carolina requires evaluation feedback to identify needs and guide professional development.
Improvement Plans: South Carolina requires all teachers to have an individual professional growth and development plan based on evaluation results.
Evaluation Rating Categories: South Carolina requires multiple rating categories. Expanded ADEPT utilizes four: exemplary, proficient, needs improvement, and unsatisfactory.
ADEPT System Guidelines for 2018-2019 https://ed.sc.gov/scdoe/assets/File/educators/teacher-evaluations/20170313_ADEPT_Guidelines_FINAL_Edited.pdf
As a result of South Carolina's strong policy linking evaluation to professional growth policies, no recommendations are provided.
South Carolina recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.
7D: Linking Evaluation to Professional Growth
Professional development should be connected to needs identified through teacher evaluations. The goal of teacher evaluation systems should be not just to identify highly effective teachers and those who underperform but to help all teachers improve. Even highly effective teachers may have areas where they can continue to grow and develop their knowledge and skills. Rigorous evaluations should provide actionable feedback on teachers' strengths and weaknesses that can form the basis of professional development activities. Too often professional development is random rather than targeted to the identified needs of individual teachers. Failure to make the connection between evaluations and professional development squanders the likelihood that professional development will be meaningful.
Many states are only explicit about tying professional development plans to evaluation results if the evaluation results are bad. Good evaluations with meaningful feedback should be useful to all teachers, and if done right should help design professional development plans for all teachers—not just those who receive poor ratings.
To further increase the utility and validity of evaluation systems, states should require that evaluation instruments differentiate among various levels of teacher performance rather than only giving binary satisfactory/unsatisfactory ratings. Binary rating systems often offer little meaning because virtually all teachers receive satisfactory ratings. More rating categories allow for more nuanced distinctions between levels of teacher performance.