The state should close loopholes that allow teachers who have not met licensure requirements to continue teaching. This goal was reorganized in 2021.
Emergency License(s) Availability: Oklahoma allows teachers who have not met licensure requirements to teach under an emergency certificate. A school district may hire an individual meeting minimum standards only after efforts to hire a certificated teacher have been exhausted.
Beginning July 2020, emergency certification are not issued to those teaching preK-5 unless they have passed the applicable subject-area assessment, have a bachelor's with a major or minor in a closely related field, and have at least one full year of teaching experience.
Emergency License Validity Period: Oklahoma's emergency certificate expires June 30th of the school year for which it was issued—making it normally valid for one school year. Emergency certificates may be renewed for one year at the request of the hiring district. New legislation in Oklahoma allows for unlimited renewals of emergency certificates as long as the applicant meets the following guidelines:
Oklahoma Statutes 70-6-187(f) Oklahoma Administrative Rules 210:20-9-94 Senate Bill 1115 (2020) http://webserver1.lsb.state.ok.us/cf_pdf/2019-20%20ENR/SB/SB1115%20ENR.PDF Emergency Certification Guidance https://sde.ok.gov/emergency-certification-guidance COVID-19 Information: https://sde.ok.gov/sites/default/files/FAQS%20FOR%20PUBLIC%20SCHOOLS%20-%20COVID-19.pdf
Ensure that all teachers pass required subject-matter licensing tests before they enter the classroom.
All students are entitled to teachers who know the subject matter they are teaching. Permitting individuals who have not yet passed state licensing tests to teach neglects the needs of students, because it enables adults who may not be able to meet minimal state standards to earn teaching licenses. Oklahoma should ensure that all teachers are required to pass licensing tests — an important minimum benchmark for entering the profession —before entering the classroom as the teacher of record.
Limit exceptions to one year.
Although suboptimal, there may be limited and exceptional circumstances under which conditional or emergency licenses are necessary. In these instances, it is reasonable for a state to give teachers up to one year to pass required licensing tests. Oklahoma's current policy puts students at risk by allowing teachers on an emergency certificate with unlimited renewals without passing required subject-matter tests.
Oklahoma recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.
6B: Provisional and Emergency Licensure
Teachers who have not passed content licensing tests place students at risk. While states may need a regulatory basis for filling classroom positions with a few people who do not hold full teaching credentials, many of the regulations permitting this put the instructional needs of children at risk, often year after year. For example, schools can make liberal use of provisional certificates or waivers provided by the state if they fill classroom positions with instructors who have completed a teacher preparation program but have not passed their state licensing tests. These allowances are permitted for up to three years in some states. The unfortunate consequence is that students' needs are neglected in an effort to extend personal consideration to adults who cannot meet minimum state standards.
While some flexibility may be necessary because licensing tests are not always administered with the needed frequency, making provisional certificates and waivers available year after year could signal that the state does not put much value on its licensing standards or what they represent. States accordingly need to ensure that all persons given full charge of children's learning are required to pass the relevant licensing tests in their first year of teaching, ideally before they enter the classroom. Licensing tests are an important minimum benchmark in the profession, and states that allow teachers to postpone passing these tests are abandoning one of the basic responsibilities of licensure.