Retaining Effective Teachers Policy
The state should require that its school districts consider classroom performance as a factor in determining which teachers are laid off when a reduction in force is necessary. This was reorganized in 2021.
Factors to Consider: Oklahoma requires teacher performance—measured by the Oklahoma Teacher and Leader Effectiveness Evaluation System—to be the "primary basis" for districts to use in determining which teachers are laid off during reductions in force. However, Oklahoma's teacher evaluation system does not require evidence of student growth.
Oklahoma Statute 70-6-101.31
Require that districts consider teacher effectiveness as the most important factor in determining which teachers are laid off during reductions in force.
Oklahoma requires teacher performance, as measured by its teacher evaluation system, to play a significant role in determining which teachers are laid off during reductions in force. However, because the state does not require the inclusion of objective measures of student growth in its evaluation policy, it cannot ensure that teacher effectiveness will be the most influential factor in these decisions.
Oklahoma recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.
"Last In, First Out (LIFO)" policies put adult interests before student needs, yet most districts across the country still use these policies in the event of teacher layoffs. While most states leave these decisions to district discretion, other states require layoffs to be based on seniority. Such policies fail to give due weight to a teacher's classroom performance and risk sacrificing effective teachers while maintaining low performers.
Policies that prioritize seniority in layoff decisions can also cause significant upheaval in schools and school districts. As teachers who are newer to the classroom traditionally draw lower salaries, a seniority-based layoff policy is likely to require that districts lay off a larger number of probationary teachers rather than a smaller group of ineffective teachers to achieve the same budget reduction.
States can leave districts flexibility in determining layoff policies, but they should do so while also ensuring that classroom performance is considered. Further, if performance is prioritized, states need not prohibit the use of seniority as an additional criterion in determining who is laid off.