The state should help to make licenses fully portable among states, with appropriate safeguards.
Oklahoma does not support licensure reciprocity for certified teachers from other states.
Regrettably, Oklahoma grants a waiver for its licensing tests to out-of-state teachers who have passed comparable tests in their previous states, regardless of whether or not they have met Oklahoma's passing scores.
Teachers with comparable out-of-state certificates are eligible for Oklahoma's standard certificate. Applicants must have at least one year of experience or participate in the state's Resident Teacher Program. A residency committee (made up of a school administrator, a teacher consultant, and a teacher educator from a nearby college or university) evaluates each new teacher in Oklahoma at the end of a first year of teaching and makes a recommendation as to whether he or she should be granted full certification in Oklahoma.
In addition, transcripts are required for all applicants. However, it is not clear whether the state analyzes transcripts to determine whether a teacher was prepared through a traditional or alternate route or whether additional coursework will be required.
Oklahoma is also a participant in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement; however, the latest iteration of this agreement no longer purports to be a reciprocity agreement among states and thus is no longer included in this analysis.
Oklahoma Statute 70-6-190
To uphold standards, require that teachers coming from other states meet testing requirements.
Oklahoma takes considerable risk by granting a waiver for its licensing tests to any out-of-state teacher who has met another state's testing requirements. The state should not provide any waivers of its teacher tests unless an applicant can provide evidence of a passing score under its own standards. The negative impact on student learning stemming from a teacher's inadequate subject-matter knowledge is not mitigated by the teacher's having passed a test in another state.
Accord the same license to out-of-state alternate route teachers as would be accorded to traditionally prepared teachers.
Regardless of whether a teacher was prepared through a traditional or alternate route, all certified out-of-state teachers should receive equal treatment. Oklahoma should consider discontinuing its requirement for the submission of transcripts. Transcript analysis is likely to result in additional coursework requirements, even for traditionally prepared teachers; alternate route teachers, on the other hand, may have to virtually begin anew, repeating some, most or all of a teacher preparation program in Oklahoma.
Oklahoma asserted that it does support reciprocity from other states in most instances, excluding temporary, emergency and substitute certificates. The state also noted that its Resident Teacher Program is on hiatus.
Oklahoma reiterated that it does not have a recency requirement, and that it only requires transcripts to ensure that applicants have earned degrees from regionally accredited colleges. Further, an area such as Reading Specialist may only require a bachelor's degree in other states, while Oklahoma requires a master's degree.
The submission of transcripts should be unnecessary for certified out-of-state teachers, unless the state has some reason to suspect that the certifying state routinely licenses teachers who do not have a degree.