Differential Pay: Ohio

Retaining Effective Teachers Policy

Goal

The state should support differential pay for effective teaching in shortage and high-needs areas.

Meets
Suggested Citation:
National Council on Teacher Quality. (2011). Differential Pay: Ohio results. State Teacher Policy Database. [Data set].
Retrieved from: https://www.nctq.org/yearbook/state/OH-Differential-Pay-9

Analysis of Ohio's policies

Ohio supports differential pay by which a teacher can earn additional compensation by teaching certain subjects. The state has deemed special education, science and mathematics as subject shortage areas and funds a grant program for local districts that provides incentives to attract qualified teachers in these areas.

Ohio also supports differential pay for those teaching in high-needs schools. In order to receive one of the above-mentioned grants, the school must be deemed hard to staff, as defined by the Department of Education.

Ohio no longer offers an annual stipend to teachers who are National Board Certified.

Citation

Recommendations for Ohio

State response to our analysis

Ohio recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.

Research rationale

Two recent studies emphasize the need for differential pay. In "Teacher Quality and Teacher Mobility", L. Feng and T. Sass find that high performing teachers tend to transfer to schools with a large proportion of other high performing teachers and students, while low performing teachers cluster in bottom quartile schools (CALDER: Urban Institute 2011).  Another study from T. Sass et al found that the least effective teachers in high-poverty schools were considerably less effective than the least effective teachers in low-poverty schools.

Charles Clotfelter, et al., "Would Higher Salaries Keep Teachers in High-Poverty Schools? Evidence from a Policy Intervention in North Carolina," Sanford Institute of Public Policy, Duke University, May 16, 2006 at:
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w12285.

Julie Kowal, et al., "Financial Incentives for Hard to Staff Positions," Center for American Progress, November 2008.

A study by researchers at Rand found that higher pay lowered attrition, and the effect was stronger in high-needs school districts. Every $1,000 increase was estimated to decrease attrition by more than 6 percent. See S.N. Kirby, et al., "Supply and Demand of Minority Teachers in Texas: Problems and Prospects," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 1999; 21(1): 47-66 at: http://epa.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/21/1/47