The state should close loopholes that allow teachers who have not met licensure requirements to continue teaching. This goal was reorganized in 2021.
Emergency License(s) Availability: Michigan does not offer emergency licenses. The "superintendent of public instruction shall only issue a teaching certificate to a person who has passed appropriate examinations..." State policy further articulates that in order to earn a secondary teaching certificate,a candidate must pass "the appropriate available subject area examination for each subject area in which he or she applies to be certified." Elementary candidates must also pass the elementary certification exam and "the appropriate available subject area examination for each subject area, if any, in which he or she applies to be certified."
COVID-19 State Policy: Michigan has implemented the following changes to its rules regarding Provisional and Emergency Licensure. The state will grant a one-year temporary certificate to education preparation candidates who have been unable to take licensure exams. The certificate is valid for one year and is not renewable. COVID-19 policies do not affect the state's grade in Provisional and Emergency Licensure.
Requirements for Out-of-State Teachers: Because licensure requirements for out-of-state teachers are scored in Requirements for Out-of-State Teachers, only the state's policies regarding emergency/provisional license(s) are considered as part of this goal.
Michigan Code of Laws 380.1531(2) COVID-19 Information: Executive Order No. 2020-35 http://www.legislature.mi.gov/documents/2019-2020/executiveorder/pdf/2020-EO-35.pdf
Due to Michigan's strong policies in this area, no recommendations are provided.
Michigan recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis, and was helpful in providing facts that enhanced this analysis.
6B: Provisional and Emergency Licensure
Teachers who have not passed content licensing tests place students at risk. While states may need a regulatory basis for filling classroom positions with a few people who do not hold full teaching credentials, many of the regulations permitting this put the instructional needs of children at risk, often year after year. For example, schools can make liberal use of provisional certificates or waivers provided by the state if they fill classroom positions with instructors who have completed a teacher preparation program but have not passed their state licensing tests. These allowances are permitted for up to three years in some states. The unfortunate consequence is that students' needs are neglected in an effort to extend personal consideration to adults who cannot meet minimum state standards.
While some flexibility may be necessary because licensing tests are not always administered with the needed frequency, making provisional certificates and waivers available year after year could signal that the state does not put much value on its licensing standards or what they represent. States accordingly need to ensure that all persons given full charge of children's learning are required to pass the relevant licensing tests in their first year of teaching, ideally before they enter the classroom. Licensing tests are an important minimum benchmark in the profession, and states that allow teachers to postpone passing these tests are abandoning one of the basic responsibilities of licensure.