Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policy
The state should meaningfully assess principal performance. This goal remained consistent between 2017 and 2019.
Objective Student Growth Measures: Maine requires student learning and growth to be a "significant" factor in principal evaluations.
Link to Teacher Effectiveness/Instructional Leadership: Maine state policy does not explicitly link principal evaluations and teacher effectiveness/instructional leadership.
Improvement Plans: Maine does not require that principals rated less-than-effective be placed on improvement plans. Ineffective principals must be given the "opportunity" to implement a professional improvement plan.
Surveys: Maine state policy does not mention surveys for the purposes of principal evaluation.
Maine Revised Statutes Title 20-A, Part 6, Chapter 508
Make an explicit link between principal evaluation and teacher effectiveness/instructional leadership.
Because the time principals spend on organizational management, instructional programming, and teacher evaluation is critically important for positive effects on both teachers and students, Maine should evaluate its principals—to some degree—on teacher effectiveness and instructional leadership.
Ensure that principals receiving less-than-effective ratings are placed on a professional improvement plan.
Maine should adopt a policy requiring principals who receive even one less-than-effective evaluation rating to be placed on structured improvement plans. These plans should identify noted deficiencies, define specific action steps necessary to address these deficiencies, and describe how and when progress will be measured.
Require or explicitly allow surveys.
Maine should require—or at the very least, explicitly allow—survey data to be included in a principal's evaluation rating. These data could be derived from school climate, teacher, student, or school community surveys and are necessary to provide data about a principal's overall leadership of the school community.
Maine recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis. Additionally the state noted that surveys are not a mandated component of educator evaluation, but many districts have used surveys as one of the multiple measures in determining summative effectiveness ratings.
7G: Principal Effectiveness
Research demonstrates that there is a clear link between school leadership and school outcomes. Principals foster school improvement by shaping school goals, policies and practices, and social and organizational structures. Principals vary significantly in their effectiveness, and research suggests that high-quality principals positively affect student achievement, in-school discipline, parents' perceptions of schools, and school climates. Further, principals affect teacher retention and recruitment; effective principals are more adept at retaining effective teachers and removing ineffective teachers. The time principals spend on organizational management, instructional programming, and teacher evaluation is critically important for positive effects on teachers and students. Because principals are an essential component of creating successful schools, their effectiveness should be regularly evaluated by trained evaluators on systems that include objective measures. Such systems will help to ensure that all principals receive the feedback and support necessary to improve their practice and, ultimately, student and school outcomes.