Secondary Teacher Preparation Policy
The state should ensure that middle school teachers demonstrate sufficient knowledge of appropriate grade-level content. This goal has been revised since 2017.
Content Test Requirements: Maine offers a middle-level certificate for middle school teachers; however, it is unclear whether the license covers grades 4-8 or grades 5-8. Additionally, the state allows teachers with secondary certificates to teach
single subjects in middle school. All new middle school teachers in Maine are also required to pass a Praxis middle school subject-matter test to attain licensure.
Middle School Licensure Deficiencies: Unfortunately, Maine offers a generalist K-8 license. Because middle school licensure deficiencies are scored in Middle School Licensure Deficiencies, it is not considered as part of the score for the Middle School Content Knowledge goal.
Provisional and Emergency Licensure: Because provisional and emergency licensure requirements are scored in Provisional
and Emergency Licensure , only the test requirements for the state's initial license are considered as part of this goal.
Maine Revised Statute 20-A Chapter 502 Section 13013 Test Requirements www.ets.org/praxis Rule 05-071 Chapter 13, and 115, Part II, Sections 1.2 and 1.3
Ensure that content tests adequately measure sufficient knowledge in all subjects.
Maine should ensure that its subject-matter tests for middle school teacher candidates are sufficiently rigorous and are specifically aligned to the content that middle school teachers need to teach. The state should ensure that the required passing scores on each test reflect high levels of performance. Doing so will help to ensure that every student is taught by a teacher with adequate subject-matter knowledge.
Require subject-matter testing for all middle school teacher candidates.
Maine wisely requires subject-matter tests for most middle school teachers but should address any deficiencies that undermine this policy (see Middle School Licensure Deficiencies analysis and recommendations).
Maine did not respond to NCTQ's request to review this analysis for accuracy.
3A: Middle School Content Knowledge
Middle school grades are critical years of schooling. It is in these years that far too many students fall through the cracks. However, requirements for the preparation and licensure of middle school teachers can be especially problematic. States need to distinguish the knowledge and skills needed by middle school teachers from those needed by an elementary teacher. Whether teaching a single subject in a departmentalized setting or teaching multiple subjects in a self-contained setting, middle school teachers must be able to teach significantly more advanced content than elementary teachers. In order to do so, middle school teachers must be deeply knowledgeable about every subject they will be licensed to teach, and able to pass a licensing test in every core subject to demonstrate this knowledge. The notion that someone should be identically prepared to teach first grade or eighth grade mathematics seems ridiculous, but states that license teachers on a K-8 generalist certificate essentially endorse this idea.