Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policy
The state should require instructional effectiveness to be the determinative criterion of any teacher evaluation. The bar for this goal was raised in 2017.
Impact of Student Growth: Kentucky does not require student growth to play a role in teacher evaluation ratings.
State's Role in Evaluation System: Kentucky districts develop evaluation systems based on criteria provided by the state.
SB 1 (2017)
Require instructional effectiveness to be a determinative criterion of any teacher evaluation.
Kentucky should require that objective measures of student growth be included in a teacher's evaluation rating, and that such measures play a profound role in a teacher's overall evaluation rating. Specifically, a teacher should not be able to earn an overall rating of effective if he or she is less-than-effective at increasing student growth.
Kentucky was helpful in providing NCTQ with the facts necessary for this analysis. The state added that SB 1 (2017) eliminated the Professional Growth and Effectiveness System (PGES) as a statewide system for evaluating certified personnel. The proposed Framework for Personnel Evaluation (KAR 3:370), currently in the legislative process, does not include student growth as a component of the statewide framework and includes increased flexibility and local control of personnel evaluation, including the process for determining overall ratings.
7A: Measures of Student Growth
Many factors should be considered in formally evaluating a teacher; however, nothing is more important than effectiveness in the classroom. Value-added models are an important tool for measuring student achievement and school effectiveness. These models have the ability to measure individual students' learning gains, controlling for students' previous knowledge and background characteristics. While some research suggests value-added models are subject to bias and statistical limitations, rich data and strong controls can eliminate error and bias. In the area of teacher quality, examining student growth offers a fairer and potentially more meaningful way to evaluate a teacher's effectiveness than other methods schools use.
Unfortunately, districts have used many evaluation instruments, including some mandated by states, which are structured so that teachers can earn a satisfactory rating without any evidence that they are sufficiently advancing student learning in the classroom. Teacher evaluation instruments should include factors that combine both human judgment and objective measures of student learning.