Identifying Effective Teachers Policy
The state should require instructional effectiveness to be the preponderant criterion of any teacher evaluation.
Maine does not require that objective evidence of student learning be the preponderant criterion of its teacher evaluations.
Maine policy holds local superintendents responsible for evaluating teachers. The state is required to provide examples of teacher evaluation models, which districts can opt to use, or they can create their own. However, models must include multiple measures. If a district chooses to include student assessments as part of teacher evaluations, it must use one of the models developed by the state.
Maine Revised Statutes Title 20-A, Section 1055 and 13802
Require instructional effectiveness to be the preponderant criterion of any teacher evaluation.
Maine should either require a common evaluation instrument in which evidence of student learning is the most significant criterion, or it should specifically require that student learning be the preponderant criterion in local evaluation processes. Whether state or locally developed, a teacher should not be able to receive a satisfactory rating if found ineffective in the classroom.
Ensure that evaluations also include classroom observations that specifically focus on and document the effectiveness of instruction.
Maine should not only require that its evaluations include classroom observations, but also the state should specifically articulate that these observations focus on effectiveness of instruction. The primary component of a classroom observation should be the quality of instruction, as measured by student time on task, student grasp or mastery of the lesson objective and efficient use of class time.
Utilize evaluation ratings that meaningfully differentiate among various levels of teacher performance.
Although the state's pilot program has identified four levels of performance, Maine should ultimately require districts to utilize similar multiple rating categories in their own evaluation instruments.
Maine recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.