The data and analysis on this page is from 2019. View and download the most recent policy data and analysis on Principal Effectiveness in Massachusetts from the State of the States 2022: Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policies report.
The state should meaningfully assess principal performance. This goal remained consistent between 2017 and 2019.
Objective Student Growth Measures: Massachusetts requires that principal evaluations include student performance measures.
Link to Teacher Effectiveness/Instructional Leadership: Massachusetts requires that all principals be evaluated under the instructional leadership standard, which includes an evaluation indicator. It requires that a principal "provides effective and timely supervision and evaluation in alignment with state regulations and contract provisions, including:
603 CMR 35.00
As a result of Massachusetts's strong principal effectiveness policies, no recommendations are provided.
Massachusetts was helpful in providing NCTQ with facts that enhanced this analysis.
7G: Principal Effectiveness
Research demonstrates that there is a clear link between school leadership and school outcomes. Principals foster school improvement by shaping school goals, policies and practices, and social and organizational structures. Principals vary significantly in their effectiveness, and research suggests that high-quality principals positively affect student achievement, in-school discipline, parents' perceptions of schools, and school climates. Further, principals affect teacher retention and recruitment; effective principals are more adept at retaining effective teachers and removing ineffective teachers. The time principals spend on organizational management, instructional programming, and teacher evaluation is critically important for positive effects on teachers and students. Because principals are an essential component of creating successful schools, their effectiveness should be regularly evaluated by trained evaluators on systems that include objective measures. Such systems will help to ensure that all principals receive the feedback and support necessary to improve their practice and, ultimately, student and school outcomes.