The state should close loopholes that allow teachers who have not met licensure requirements to continue teaching. This goal was consistent between 2015 and 2017.
Emergency License(s) Availability: Kansas allows new teachers who have not met all or part of their licensure testing requirements to apply for a one-year, nonrenewable teaching license. Teachers must complete all required tests during the school year in order to upgrade to the conditional teaching license.
Based on an exchange agreement with nine other states, Kansas allows teachers who hold a valid certificate from one of these states to teach on a two-year, nonrenewable Exchange Teaching certificate even if they have not met the state's licensure requirements, which include subject-matter testing.
Emergency License Validity Period: Kansas's emergency license is valid for one year, and is nonrenewable. The state's six innovative school districts are allowed to hire unlicensed teachers for hard-to-fill teaching positions. The Exchange Teaching certificate is valid for one year and is nonrenewable.
Kansas Administrative Regulations 91-1-201(p) and 91-1-204 Kansas State Board of Education July 14, 2015 Minutes http://www.ksde.org/Portals/0/Board/Minutes/2015/July%202015%20Minutes%20approved.pdf
Ensure that all teachers pass required subject-matter licensing tests before they enter the classroom.
Kansas's policy offering licenses to teachers who have not met all requirements for one year minimizes the risks inherent in having teachers in classrooms who lack appropriate subject-matter knowledge; however, the state could strengthen its policy by requiring all teachers to meet subject-matter licensure requirements prior to entering the classroom. Allowing out-of-state teachers who have not passed licensure tests to remain in the classroom for up to two years creates additional risks for students. (see 6A: Requirements for Out-of-State Teachers analysis and recommendations)
Kansas recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.
6B: Provisional and Emergency Licensure
Teachers who have not passed content licensing tests place students at risk. While states may need a regulatory basis for filling classroom positions with a few people who do not hold full teaching credentials, many of the regulations permitting this put the instructional needs of children at risk, often year after year. For example, schools can make liberal use of provisional certificates or waivers provided by the state if they fill classroom positions with instructors who have completed a teacher preparation program but have not passed their state licensing tests. These allowances are permitted for up to three years in some states. The unfortunate consequence is that students' needs are neglected in an effort to extend personal consideration to adults who cannot meet minimum state standards.
While some flexibility may be necessary because licensing tests are not always administered with the needed frequency, making provisional certificates and waivers available year after year could signal that the state does not put much value on its licensing standards or what they represent. States accordingly need to ensure that all persons given full charge of children's learning are required to pass the relevant licensing tests in their first year of teaching, ideally before they enter the classroom. Licensing tests are an important minimum benchmark in the profession, and states that allow teachers to postpone passing these tests are abandoning one of the basic responsibilities of licensure.