Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policy
The state should require annual evaluations with frequent observations of all principals. This goal was new in 2017.
Evaluation Frequency: Arizona requires annual evaluations for all principals.
Observation/Site Visit Requirements: Arizona's leadership component of principal evaluations is based on observation. The number of required observations/site visits is not articulated in state policy.
Evaluator Training: Arizona state policy requires evaluator training; however, the state does not require evaluator certification or a process that would ensure inter-rater reliability.
ARS 15-203, -503; R7-2-603; https://cms.azed.gov/home/GetDocumentFile?id=57ed9958aadebe0bd08a76fa
Require multiple observations/site visits for all principals.
To ensure that annual evaluations are based on adequate information, Arizona should require multiple observations/site visits for all principals.
Require all principal evaluators to be both trained and certified.
All principal evaluators in Arizona should be trained and certified to conduct teacher evaluations on systems that include objective measures. Ensuring that all principals are appropriately trained and certified in conducting teacher evaluations will help ensure that all principals are able to provide their teachers with fair and valid evaluations.
Arizona recognized the factual accuracy of this analysis.
7H: Principal Evaluation and Observation
Research demonstrates that there is a clear link between school leadership and school outcomes. Principals foster school improvement by shaping school goals, policies and practices, and social and organizational structures. Principals vary significantly in their effectiveness, and research suggests that high-quality principals positively affect student achievement, in-school discipline, parents' perceptions of schools, and school climates. Further, principals affect teacher retention and recruitment; effective principals are more adept at retaining effective teachers and removing ineffective teachers. The time principals spend on organizational management, instructional programming, and teacher evaluation is critically important for positive effects on teachers and students. Because principals are an essential component of creating successful schools, their effectiveness should be regularly evaluated by trained evaluators on systems that include objective measures. Such systems will help to ensure that all principals receive the feedback and support necessary to improve their practice and, ultimately, student and school outcomes.