The data and analysis on this page is from 2019. View and download the most recent policy data and analysis on Principal Effectiveness in Alabama from the State of the States 2022: Teacher and Principal Evaluation Policies report.
The state should meaningfully assess principal performance. This goal remained consistent between 2017 and 2019.
Objective Student Growth Measures: Alabama does not require that student growth play a role in a principal's evaluation rating.
Link to Teacher Effectiveness/Instructional Leadership: Alabama principals are evaluated based on the state's Standards for Instructional Leaders, which include Human Resources Development. Key indicators are:
Code of Alabama 16-24B-3(i)(2) Alabama Standards for Instructional Leaders: http://www.alsde.edu/sec/ee/IL%20Standards/Alabama_Standards_for_Instructional_Leaders.pdf LEAD Alabama User Guide http://www.alsde.edu/sec/ee/Lead%20Alabama/LEADAlabama%20User%20Guide%202018-2019.pdf
Require objective measures of student growth to play a role in principal evaluation ratings.
There is a clear link between school leadership and school outcomes. Therefore, Alabama should require principal evaluations to include objective measures of student growth. This will allow districts to more accurately identify effective principals, who are more adept at attracting and retaining effective teachers.
Require or explicitly allow surveys.
Alabama should require—or at the very least, explicitly allow—survey data to be included in a principal's evaluation rating. These data could be derived from school climate, teacher, student, or school community surveys, and are necessary to provide data about a principal's overall leadership of the school community.
Alabama did not respond to NCTQ's request to review this analysis for accuracy.
7G: Principal Effectiveness
Research demonstrates that there is a clear link between school leadership and school outcomes. Principals foster school improvement by shaping school goals, policies and practices, and social and organizational structures. Principals vary significantly in their effectiveness, and research suggests that high-quality principals positively affect student achievement, in-school discipline, parents' perceptions of schools, and school climates. Further, principals affect teacher retention and recruitment; effective principals are more adept at retaining effective teachers and removing ineffective teachers. The time principals spend on organizational management, instructional programming, and teacher evaluation is critically important for positive effects on teachers and students. Because principals are an essential component of creating successful schools, their effectiveness should be regularly evaluated by trained evaluators on systems that include objective measures. Such systems will help to ensure that all principals receive the feedback and support necessary to improve their practice and, ultimately, student and school outcomes.