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Policy Issue: Tenure

2015 Tenure

Evidence of student learning is the preponderant criterion when awarding tenure: CO, CT, DE, FL, HI, LA, NJ, NY, TN
Some evidence of teacher performance is considered when awarding tenure: AK, AZ, ID, IL, IN, MA, MI, NC, NV, OK, SC, VA, WA, WY
Grant tenure virtually automatically: AL, AR, CA, DC, GA, IA, KY, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NE, NH, NM, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, TX, UT, VT, WI, WV
No policy/No tenure: KS, ND
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No Policy: DC, ND
1 year: MS
2 years: CA, SC, VT
3 years: AK, AL, AR, AZ, CO, DE, GA, HI, IA, ID, IN, MA, MD, ME, MN, MT, NE, NM, NV, OK, OR, PA, RI, SD, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV, WY
4 years: CT, IL, KY, NJ, NY
5 years: LA, MI, MO, NH, OH, TN
No tenure: FL, KS, NC
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  • Best Practices

    Colorado, Connecticut and New York appropriately base tenure decisions on evidence of teacher effectiveness. In Connecticut, tenure is awarded after four years and must be earned on the basis of effective practice as demonstrated in evaluation ratings. Colorado requires ratings of either effective or highly effective for three consecutive years to earn tenure status, which can then be lost with two consecutive years of less-than-effective ratings. New York has extended its probationary period to four years and requires teachers to be rated effective or highly effective for three of those years. All three states require that student growth be the preponderant criterion of teacher evaluations.

  • How States are Faring in Tenure


    Best Practice States

    CO, CT, NY


    State Meets Goal

    FL, LA


    States Nearly Meet Goal

    DE, HI, KS , MI , NJ, OK, TN


    States Meet Goal in Part

    AZ, IL, IN, MA, NV, NC, VA


    States Meet a Small Part of Goal

    AK, ID, KY, MN, MO, NH, OH, SC , WA, WY


    States Do Not Meet Goal

    AL, AR, CA, DC, GA, IA, ME, MD, MS, MT, NE, NM, ND, OR, PA, RI , SD, TX, UT, VT, WV, WI

    Progress on this Goal Since 2013:

    • :3
    • :46
    • :2