Cory's primary research area is in the measurement and evaluation of outcome-based teacher quality. He has also written on several other topics in K-12 education including teacher preparation, teacher pensions, school choice, and curriculum evaluation. His work has been widely cited in top academic journals in the fields of economics, education and public policy. In 2008, Cory received the Outstanding Dissertation Award from the American Educational Research Association, Division L. In 2012 he received the Junior Scholar Award from the same group. He sits on several technical advisory panels for state and local education agencies to assist with issues related to school and teacher evaluations.