Teacher Contract Database

Results

Suggested Citation:
National Council on Teacher Quality. (2018). Custom report. Teacher Contract Database. [Data set].
Retrieved from: https://www.nctq.org/contract-database/report?reportId=104616
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Minimum education required to be a substitute teacher

The "other" category includes districts that acknowledge state law, where the education requirements are unknown, etc.
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Methodology for Minimum education required to be a substitute teacher

Albuquerque Public Schools

NM

60 hours of college coursework

90,205 69%

Aldine Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

70,417 88%

Alpine School District

UT

High school diploma or GED

76,938 22%

Anchorage School District

AK

Bachelor's degree

48,324 44%

Anne Arundel County Public Schools

MD

48 college credits

80,387 33%

Anoka-Hennepin School District

MN

Bachelor's degree

38,016 33%

Arlington Independent School District

TX

45 college credits

63,210 69%

Atlanta Public Schools

GA

High school diploma or GED

51,500 77%

Austin Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

83,622 57%

Baltimore City Public School System

MD

30 college credits (BA for long-term positions)

83,666 87%

Baltimore County Public Schools

MD

High school diploma or GED
and successful completion of the MSDE Para Pro Assessment

111,138 47%

Billings Public Schools

MT

60 hours of college coursework

16,518 43%

Birmingham City Schools

AL

High school diploma or GED

24,693 63%

Bismarck Public Schools

ND

48 semester hours of college coursework

12,644 21%

Boston Public Schools

MA

Bachelor's degree

53,530 68%

Brevard Public Schools

FL

High school diploma or GED

72,703 50%

Bridgeport Public Schools

CT

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

21,015 96%

Broward County Public Schools

FL

60 hours of college coursework

269,098 61%

Brownsville Independent School District

TX

48 college credit hours (may be substituted for 10 years of service as a teacher aide)

47,749 95%

Buffalo School District

NY

Bachelor's degree

33,309 68%

Burlington School District

VT

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

3,957 45%

Capistrano Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

53,824 22%

Charleston County School District

SC

High school diploma or GED

48,084 45%

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools

NC

Bachelor's degree

146,211 61%

Cherry Creek School District

CO

Bachelor's degree

54,730 29%

Chesterfield County Public Schools

VA

High school diploma or GED

59,659 30%

Chicago Public Schools

IL

Bachelor's degree

386,168 84%

Christina School District

DE

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,538 44%

Cincinnati Public Schools

OH

Bachelor's degree

33,880 64%

Clark County School District

NV

60 hours of college coursework

325,990 64%

Clayton County Public Schools

GA

Bachelor's degree

54,136 100%

Cleveland Metropolitan School District

OH

Bachelor's degree

39,117 79%

Cobb County School District

GA

High school diploma or GED

112,708 44%

Columbus City Schools

OH

Bachelor's degree

50,028 81%

Conroe Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

58,239 36%

Corona-Norco Unified School District

CA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

53,313 45%

Cumberland County Schools

NC

High school diploma or GED
with at least one of the three additional requirements: (1) 30 semester hours of college coursework; (2) 1150 SAT or 16 ACT score; (3) 85% on the TABE

51,187 65%

Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District

TX

Bachelor's degree

113,936 49%

Dallas Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

158,586 88%

Davis School District

UT

High school diploma or GED

71,721 22%

Dayton Public Schools

OH

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

13,846 92%

DeKalb County School District

GA

Bachelor's degree

101,389 72%

Denver Public Schools

CO

Bachelor's degree

90,235 68%

Des Moines Public Schools

IA

Bachelor's degree

33,067 75%

Desoto County School District

MS

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

33,140 54%

Detroit Public Schools Community District

MI

90 credit hours of college coursework

45,795 73%

District of Columbia Public Schools

DC

Bachelor's degree

47,670 77%

Douglas County School District

CO

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

66,896 12%

Duval County Public Schools

FL

60 hours of college coursework

128,335 49%

El Paso Independent School District

TX

90 college hours

60,047 70%

Elk Grove Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

62,533 55%

Fairfax County Public Schools

VA

60 hours of college coursework

185,807 27%

Fort Bend Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

73,115 34%

Fort Wayne Community Schools

IN

Bachelor's degree

29,483 65%

Fort Worth Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

87,080 76%

Fresno Unified School District

CA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

73,440 86%

Frisco Independent School District

TX

Bachelor's degree

53,300 11%

Fulton County Schools

GA

High school diploma or GED

95,641 47%

Garland Independent School District

TX

Bachelor's degree

57,517 66%

Granite School District

UT

High school diploma or GED

70,100 57%

Greenville County Schools

SC

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

76,313 48%

Guilford County Schools

NC

48 college credits or Associate degree

73,151 65%

Gwinnett County Public Schools

GA

60 hours of college coursework

176,052 54%

Hartford Public Schools

CT

Bachelor's degree

20,870 78%

Hawaii Department of Education

HI

Substitutes without a bachelor's degree must meet specific employment requirements set by the Department.

181,995 50%

Henrico County Public Schools

VA

Bachelor's degree

51,534 40%

Hillsborough County Public Schools

FL

30 college credits

211,923 59%

Houston Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

215,627 76%

Howard County Public School System

MD

60 hours of college coursework

54,870 21%

Indianapolis Public Schools

IN

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

29,583 71%

Jackson Public Schools

MS

Bachelor's degree

28,019 100%

Jeffco Public Schools

CO

District acknowledges state law.

86,721 31%

Jefferson County Public Schools

KY

64 college semester hours

100,431 64%

Jefferson Parish Public School System

LA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

48,389 76%

Jordan School District

UT

60 hours of college coursework

52,985 24%

Kanawha County Schools

WV

Bachelor's degree

27,346 47%

Kansas City Public Schools, MO

MO

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,573 99%

Katy Independent School District

TX

60 hours of college coursework

72,952 28%

Klein Independent School District

TX

High school diploma or GED
bachelor's degree preferred

50,594 41%

Knox County Schools

TN

High school diploma or GED

59,922 46%

Laramie County School District 1

WY

65 hours college credit

14,029 43%

Lewisville Independent School District

TX

48 college credits

53,490 33%

Little Rock School District

AR

High school diploma or GED

24,797 81%

Long Beach Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

77,565 66%

Los Angeles Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

634,827 79%

Loudoun County Public Schools

VA

High school diploma or GED

76,202 17%

Manchester School District

NH

48 college credits

14,325 58%

Mesa Public Schools

AZ

Bachelor's degree
In accordance with state law

64,295 59%

Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools

TN

60 hours of college coursework
Or 90 quarter hours of college coursework.

85,120 71%

Miami-Dade County Public Schools

FL

30 college credits

357,579 72%

Milwaukee Public Schools

WI

Bachelor's degree

75,749 67%

Minneapolis Public Schools

MN

Bachelor's degree

36,645 63%

Mobile County Public Schools

AL

High school diploma or GED

56,895 49%

Montgomery County Public Schools

MD

Bachelor's degree

156,380 35%

New Haven Public Schools

CT

District acknowledges state law.

21,602 59%

New York City Department of Education

NY

Bachelor's degree

957,480 70%

Newark Public Schools

NJ

60 hours of college coursework

35,330 79%

Norfolk Public Schools

VA

High school diploma or GED

32,148 67%

North East Independent School District

TX

Bachelor's degree

67,779 46%

Northside Independent School District

TX

90 hours of college coursework

105,110 51%

Oakland Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

48,949 74%

Oklahoma City Public Schools

OK

High school diploma or GED

40,823 84%

Omaha Public Schools

NE

District acknowledges state law.

51,966 74%

Orange County Public Schools

FL

60 hours of college coursework

196,951 65%

Orleans Parish Public Schools

LA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

14,795 50%

Osceola County School District

FL

High school diploma or GED

61,893 63%

Pasadena Independent School District

TX

30 semester hours of college credit

56,019 76%

Pasco County Schools

FL

High school diploma or GED

70,566 56%

Pinellas County Schools

FL

Associate's degree

103,495 51%

Pittsburgh Public Schools

PA

Bachelor's degree

23,776 62%

Plano Independent School District

TX

Bachelor's degree

54,570 29%

Polk County Public Schools

FL

30 credits

101,635 57%

Portland Public Schools, ME

ME

2 years of college

6,829 55%

Portland Public Schools, OR

OR

Bachelor's degree

46,439 39%

Prince George's County Public Schools

MD

60 hours of college coursework

128,922 63%

Prince William County Public Schools

VA

60 hours of college coursework

87,793 40%

Providence Public School District

RI

Bachelor's degree

23,633 79%

Red Clay Consolidated School District

DE

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,846 43%

Richmond Public Schools

VA

60 hours of college coursework

23,980 94%

Rochester City School District

NY

Bachelor's degree

28,636 85%

Sacramento City Unified School District

CA

None

46,529 71%

San Antonio Independent School District

TX

High school diploma or GED

53,069 92%

San Bernardino City Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

53,092 89%

San Diego Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

129,034 61%

San Francisco Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

58,445 56%

San Juan Unified School District

CA

Bachelor's degree

49,459 51%

Santa Ana Unified School District

CA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

55,757 90%

School District of Lee County

FL

60 hours of college coursework

91,309 55%

School District of Palm Beach County

FL

30 semester hours

189,322 59%

School District of Philadelphia

PA

Bachelor's degree

131,295 100%

Seattle Public Schools

WA

Bachelor's degree

53,317 32%

Seminole County Public Schools

FL

High school diploma or GED

66,996 48%

Shelby County Schools

TN

Bachelor's degree

112,020 82%

Sioux Falls School District

SD

Bachelor's degree

24,109 47%

St. Louis Public Schools

MO

60 hours of college coursework

24,496 100%

St. Paul Public Schools

MN

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

37,646 70%

Toledo Public Schools

OH

Bachelor's degree

22,052 77%

Tucson Unified School District

AZ

Bachelor's degree

47,842 66%

Tulsa Public Schools

OK

High school diploma or GED

39,455 85%

Virginia Beach City Public Schools

VA

60 hours of college coursework

69,777 37%

Volusia County Schools

FL

High school diploma or GED

62,928 64%

Wake County School District

NC

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

157,584 35%

Washoe County Public Schools

NV

60 hours of college coursework

66,504 47%

West Ada School District

ID

High school diploma or GED

37,449 22%

Wichita Public Schools

KS

60 hours of college coursework

50,148 74%

Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools

NC

60 hours of college coursework

54,984 60%
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Substitute teacher licensing requirements

When there are multiple options (e.g., no license for daily subs but license for long-term sub), graph reflects the minimum requirement. The "other" category captures districts that acknowledge state law or that require a training program.
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Methodology for Substitute teacher licensing requirements

When NCTQ has documentation about requirements to become a substitute teacher and a license is not mentioned, NCTQ's response here is a "no".

Albuquerque Public Schools

NM

A New Mexico Substitute Teaching license

90,205 69%

Aldine Independent School District

TX

No

70,417 88%

Alpine School District

UT

No

76,938 22%

Anchorage School District

AK

Long-term substitutes: a State of Alaska teaching certificate; Daily substitutes: no license required

48,324 44%

Anne Arundel County Public Schools

MD

No

80,387 33%

Anoka-Hennepin School District

MN

Limited 2 year short call substitute license or Standard Five-Year Short Call Substitute license

38,016 33%

Arlington Independent School District

TX

No

63,210 69%

Atlanta Public Schools

GA

No

51,500 77%

Austin Independent School District

TX

No

83,622 57%

Baltimore City Public School System

MD

No

83,666 87%

Baltimore County Public Schools

MD

No

111,138 47%

Billings Public Schools

MT

Long-term substitutes (30+ days same assignment): a valid Montana teaching license; Daily substitutes: no license required

16,518 43%

Birmingham City Schools

AL

A current Alabama Substitute Teacher Certificate or Alabama Teacher's Certificate

24,693 63%

Bismarck Public Schools

ND

Either a North Dakota Teaching License or an Interim Sub License

12,644 21%

Boston Public Schools

MA

No

53,530 68%

Brevard Public Schools

FL

None

72,703 50%

Bridgeport Public Schools

CT

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

21,015 96%

Broward County Public Schools

FL

No

269,098 61%

Brownsville Independent School District

TX

No

47,749 95%

Buffalo School District

NY

No

33,309 68%

Burlington School District

VT

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

3,957 45%

Capistrano Unified School District

CA

A valid non-emergency California teaching credential or a valid emergency 30-Day Substitute Teaching Permit

53,824 22%

Charleston County School District

SC

Long-term substitutes (10+ days same assignment): teaching license; Daily substitutes: no license required

48,084 45%

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools

NC

No

146,211 61%

Cherry Creek School District

CO

A Colorado Teaching License (professional, initial, interim, or substitute)

54,730 29%

Chesterfield County Public Schools

VA

No

59,659 30%

Chicago Public Schools

IL

An Illinois State Board of Education Substitute Teacher License

386,168 84%

Christina School District

DE

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,538 44%

Cincinnati Public Schools

OH

A substitute teaching license or an Ohio teacher's certificate

33,880 64%

Clark County School District

NV

A Nevada Substitute Teaching License, in accordance with state law.

325,990 64%

Clayton County Public Schools

GA

No

54,136 100%

Cleveland Metropolitan School District

OH

A substitute license through the Ohio Department of Education

39,117 79%

Cobb County School District

GA

No for daily substitutes; teacher vacancy that lasts 11 or more consecutive days in a school year may be filled with a certified teacher.

112,708 44%

Columbus City Schools

OH

No

50,028 81%

Conroe Independent School District

TX

No

58,239 36%

Corona-Norco Unified School District

CA

Teaching license

53,313 45%

Cumberland County Schools

NC

Teaching License or An Effective Teacher Training Certificate (earned from taking Classes for the Effective Teacher Training)

51,187 65%

Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District

TX

No

113,936 49%

Dallas Independent School District

TX

No

158,586 88%

Davis School District

UT

No

71,721 22%

Dayton Public Schools

OH

Issue not addressed in the scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

13,846 92%

DeKalb County School District

GA

Long-term substitutes: teaching license; Daily substitute: no license required

101,389 72%

Denver Public Schools

CO

A 3-year substitute authorization, Initial or Professional License, or a 5-year substitute authorization

90,235 68%

Des Moines Public Schools

IA

Iowa Teaching License, Substitute License, or Substitute Authorization

33,067 75%

Desoto County School District

MS

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

33,140 54%

Detroit Public Schools Community District

MI

Day-to day substitutes: no license required; Long-term/vacancy substittutes: teaching license

45,795 73%

District of Columbia Public Schools

DC

No

47,670 77%

Douglas County School District

CO

A current Substitute Authorization (3- or 5-year) or Initial and Professional teaching license

66,896 12%

Duval County Public Schools

FL

No

128,335 49%

El Paso Independent School District

TX

No

60,047 70%

Elk Grove Unified School District

CA

An emergency 30-day substitute teaching permit or a valid CA teaching credential

62,533 55%

Fairfax County Public Schools

VA

No

185,807 27%

Fort Bend Independent School District

TX

No

73,115 34%

Fort Wayne Community Schools

IN

No

29,483 65%

Fort Worth Independent School District

TX

No

87,080 76%

Fresno Unified School District

CA

California teaching credential or substitute teacher permit

73,440 86%

Frisco Independent School District

TX

No

53,300 11%

Fulton County Schools

GA

A teaching certificate or applicants must complete a Substitute Training Course issued by the district.

95,641 47%

Garland Independent School District

TX

No

57,517 66%

Granite School District

UT

No

70,100 57%

Greenville County Schools

SC

No

76,313 48%

Guilford County Schools

NC

No

73,151 65%

Gwinnett County Public Schools

GA

A GCPS Substitute Teacher Training Program Certificate of Completion

176,052 54%

Hartford Public Schools

CT

No

20,870 78%

Hawaii Department of Education

HI

No

181,995 50%

Henrico County Public Schools

VA

No

51,534 40%

Hillsborough County Public Schools

FL

No, there is no substitute teacher license issued by the district; however substitute teachers receive a thorough professional training program prior to working in a classroom

211,923 59%

Houston Independent School District

TX

No

215,627 76%

Howard County Public School System

MD

No

54,870 21%

Indianapolis Public Schools

IN

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

29,583 71%

Jackson Public Schools

MS

No

28,019 100%

Jeffco Public Schools

CO

A Colorado Substitute Teacher Authorization or Colorado teaching license

86,721 31%

Jefferson County Public Schools

KY

A Kentucky teaching license or an Emergency Teaching Certificate.

100,431 64%

Jefferson Parish Public School System

LA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

48,389 76%

Jordan School District

UT

No

52,985 24%

Kanawha County Schools

WV

A West Virginia educator's license

27,346 47%

Kansas City Public Schools, MO

MO

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,573 99%

Katy Independent School District

TX

No

72,952 28%

Klein Independent School District

TX

No

50,594 41%

Knox County Schools

TN

No

59,922 46%

Laramie County School District 1

WY

A Substitute Permit or a Wyoming Teacher Certification

14,029 43%

Lewisville Independent School District

TX

No

53,490 33%

Little Rock School District

AR

No

24,797 81%

Long Beach Unified School District

CA

No

77,565 66%

Los Angeles Unified School District

CA

No

634,827 79%

Loudoun County Public Schools

VA

No

76,202 17%

Manchester School District

NH

No

14,325 58%

Mesa Public Schools

AZ

Arizona teaching credential or substitute certificate.

64,295 59%

Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools

TN

No

85,120 71%

Miami-Dade County Public Schools

FL

No

357,579 72%

Milwaukee Public Schools

WI

A Short Term Substitute Permit (T910) from the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction

75,749 67%

Minneapolis Public Schools

MN

A Minnesota Teaching License or Short Call License

36,645 63%

Mobile County Public Schools

AL

A substitute teacher license

56,895 49%

Montgomery County Public Schools

MD

No

156,380 35%

New Haven Public Schools

CT

District acknowledges state law

21,602 59%

New York City Department of Education

NY

No

957,480 70%

Newark Public Schools

NJ

A valid substitute teaching credential issued by the Executive County Superintendent

35,330 79%

Norfolk Public Schools

VA

No

32,148 67%

North East Independent School District

TX

No

67,779 46%

Northside Independent School District

TX

No

105,110 51%

Oakland Unified School District

CA

A 30-day Substitute Permit or Emergency Substitute Teaching Permit for Prospective Teachers from the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing

48,949 74%

Oklahoma City Public Schools

OK

Long-term substitutes must have a current Oklahoma teaching certificate; No license required for daily substitutes

40,823 84%

Omaha Public Schools

NE

District acknowledges state law

51,966 74%

Orange County Public Schools

FL

No

196,951 65%

Orleans Parish Public Schools

LA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

14,795 50%

Osceola County School District

FL

A substitute teaching certificate or a valid Florida Educator’s certificate

61,893 63%

Pasadena Independent School District

TX

No

56,019 76%

Pasco County Schools

FL

No

70,566 56%

Pinellas County Schools

FL

A substitute teacher certification or a valid teaching certificate

103,495 51%

Pittsburgh Public Schools

PA

A Pennsylvania teaching certificate or Pennsylvania emergency permit

23,776 62%

Plano Independent School District

TX

No

54,570 29%

Polk County Public Schools

FL

No

101,635 57%

Portland Public Schools, ME

ME

No

6,829 55%

Portland Public Schools, OR

OR

An active Oregon Teaching license with a specific endorsement from the Teachers Standards and Practices Commission

46,439 39%

Prince George's County Public Schools

MD

No

128,922 63%

Prince William County Public Schools

VA

No

87,793 40%

Providence Public School District

RI

No

23,633 79%

Red Clay Consolidated School District

DE

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,846 43%

Richmond Public Schools

VA

No

23,980 94%

Rochester City School District

NY

No

28,636 85%

Sacramento City Unified School District

CA

A substitute certificate or teaching credential

46,529 71%

San Antonio Independent School District

TX

No

53,069 92%

San Bernardino City Unified School District

CA

District acknowledges state law

53,092 89%

San Diego Unified School District

CA

A California teaching credential

129,034 61%

San Francisco Unified School District

CA

30-day substitute permit

58,445 56%

San Juan Unified School District

CA

A teaching credential or an Emergency 30-Day Substitute Teaching Permit

49,459 51%

Santa Ana Unified School District

CA

A teaching credential or 30-day substitute permit

55,757 90%

School District of Lee County

FL

No

91,309 55%

School District of Palm Beach County

FL

District acknowledges Florida Statutes and State Board of Education Rules

189,322 59%

School District of Philadelphia

PA

No

131,295 100%

Seattle Public Schools

WA

A, Washington teaching license

53,317 32%

Seminole County Public Schools

FL

A Florida Educator's Certificate or Seminole Substitute Certificate

66,996 48%

Shelby County Schools

TN

Long-term substitutes (more than 20 consecutive days) must have a teaching license; Daily substitutes working 1-19 days are not required to have a license

112,020 82%

Sioux Falls School District

SD

No

24,109 47%

St. Louis Public Schools

MO

No

24,496 100%

St. Paul Public Schools

MN

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

37,646 70%

Toledo Public Schools

OH

No license

22,052 77%

Tucson Unified School District

AZ

A current Arizona Substitute or Teaching Certificate

47,842 66%

Tulsa Public Schools

OK

No license; however, those with an Oklahoma Teaching certificate may work an unlimited number of days (see footnote)

39,455 85%

Virginia Beach City Public Schools

VA

No

69,777 37%

Volusia County Schools

FL

No

62,928 64%

Wake County School District

NC

Completion of Substitute Effective Teacher Training (SETT) or Effective Teacher Training (ETT)

157,584 35%

Washoe County Public Schools

NV

A substitute certificate or teaching credential is required

66,504 47%

West Ada School District

ID

No

37,449 22%

Wichita Public Schools

KS

Either a regular teaching, initial, exchange, standard substitute, or emergency substitute license

50,148 74%

Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools

NC

No

54,984 60%
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Daily pay rate for substitute teachers

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Methodology for Daily pay rate for substitute teachers

Albuquerque Public Schools

NM

$57.58 (contingency/emergency substitutes); $63.35 (sub with AA degree/60 credits); $76.46 (sub with BA degree); $87.39 (retiree); $62.26 (student teacher); long term sub pay - see footnote

90,205 69%

Aldine Independent School District

TX

$85 (non-degreed, days 1-10), $91 (degreed, days 1-10), $96 (certified, days 1-10), $90 (non-degreed, days 11-24), $105 (degreed, days 11-24), $116 (certified, days 11-24), $102 (non-degreed, 25+ days), $124 (degreed, days 25+), $147 (certified, days 25+)

70,417 88%

Alpine School District

UT

$70 (non-certified, high schools & traditional elementary schools); $75 (non-certified, extended day, Jr. High/Middle Schools); $80 (certified); $85 (certified at extended day, Jr. High/Middle Schools); $90 retired Alpine teachers & long-term (21+ days)

76,938 22%

Anchorage School District

AK

$150 (days 1-19); $255 (long-term; must be certified)

48,324 44%

Anne Arundel County Public Schools

MD

$70 (48 college credits); $90 (minimum of a bachelors degree); $120 (long term assignment with a minimum of a bachelors degree)

80,387 33%

Anoka-Hennepin School District

MN

$135 daily; $145 retired Anoka-Hennepin teachers; long-term (30+days in position) placed on teacher's salary schedule

38,016 33%

Arlington Independent School District

TX

$80 (degreed, days 1-10); $75 (non-degreed, days 1-10); $125 (degreed and certified in subject area); $95 (degreed, 11+ day); $85 (non-degreed, days 11+)

63,210 69%

Atlanta Public Schools

GA

$114.98 (teacher certification); $90 (bachelor's degree); $82.05 (HS diploma); $140 (long term, certified)

51,500 77%

Austin Independent School District

TX

$75 (60 credits, not degreed); $80 (college degree); $85 (Texas teaching certificate)

83,622 57%

Baltimore City Public School System

MD

$66 (30 college credits or more); $75 (AA degree or more w/o state certification); $85 (BA or more w/o state certification); $110 (BA or more w/o state certification in long-term role)) $95 (BA or more with state certification); $120 (BA or more with state certification in long-term role)

83,666 87%

Baltimore County Public Schools

MD

$91/day (degreed); $121.29/day (degreed, long-term); $71.50/day (non-degreed); $91/day (non-degreed, long-term); $209.37 (critical need; must be certified in critical shortage area)

111,138 47%

Billings Public Schools

MT

$75 (non-licensed); $85 (active Montana Educator License); after 30 days, substitute will be paid the daily rate of a contracted teacher

16,518 43%

Birmingham City Schools

AL

$60 (substitute license), $125 (AL teaching license), $200 (AL teaching license for mathematics or science)

24,693 63%

Bismarck Public Schools

ND

$120 (for days 1-11); daily rate of a BA-0 on the salary schedule (11+ days)

12,644 21%

Boston Public Schools

MA

Per diem: $144.35 ($148.68 as of Sept. 1, 2017); Long-term, 10+days: $160.59 ($165.40 as of Sept. 1, 2017); Long-term, 25+days: $290.56 ($299.27 as of Sept. 1, 2017); Cluster substitute: $175.74 ($181.01 as of Sept. 1, 2017)

53,530 68%

Brevard Public Schools

FL

$61.88 with a high school diploma, $65.63 with associate's degree, $93.75 with bachelor's degree or higher, $121.88 for retired teachers

72,703 50%

Bridgeport Public Schools

CT

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

21,015 96%

Broward County Public Schools

FL

$84.52 daily substitute; $95.02 pool substitute (works every day)

269,098 61%

Brownsville Independent School District

TX

$80 (non-degreed); $90 (degreed); $115 (certified)

47,749 95%

Buffalo School District

NY

$100 - $125, depending on days of service and if a teaching certificate is held

33,309 68%

Burlington School District

VT

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

3,957 45%

Capistrano Unified School District

CA

$105; $150 (31+ days same assignment)

53,824 22%

Charleston County School District

SC

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

48,084 45%

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools

NC

$103 (certified); $80 (non-certified)

146,211 61%

Cherry Creek School District

CO

$90 (full days 1-60); $143.74 (61+ full days); $138 (retired Cherry Creek teacher)

54,730 29%

Chesterfield County Public Schools

VA

$78 (degreed, days 1-19); $197 (degreed, 20+ days); $49 (non-degreed, days 1-19); $61 (non-degreed, 20+ days)

59,659 30%

Chicago Public Schools

IL

Cadre substitutes: $177.70 per day as of July 1, 2015; $181.25 as of July 1, 2017; and $185.79 as of July 1, 2018; Issue not addressed for daily substitutes

386,168 84%

Christina School District

DE

issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,538 44%

Cincinnati Public Schools

OH

$108.77 (Class I restricted; 2017 rate); $122.98 (Class III unrestricted; Class IV operational; Class V leave; 2017 rate); $110.95 (Class I restricted; 2018 rate); $125.44 (Class III unrestricted; Class IV operational; Class V leave; 2018 rate)

33,880 64%

Clark County School District

NV

$90 day-to-day; $100 long-term (11-20 days); $150 vacancy substitutes (21+ days)

325,990 64%

Clayton County Public Schools

GA

$93 (certified and uncertified, days 1-9); $137 (GA certified, days 10+); $120 (out-of-state certified/expired certification, or uncertified, days 10+)

54,136 100%

Cleveland Metropolitan School District

OH

2016-2017 rates: Inexperienced substitute: $132.69 (days 1-5), $147.95 (days 6-60 same assignment), $155.35 (day 61+ same assignment); experienced subs: $147.95 (days 1-5), $171.94 (days 6-60 same assignment), $180.53 (day 61+ same assignment)

39,117 79%

Cobb County School District

GA

$80

112,708 44%

Columbus City Schools

OH

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

50,028 81%

Conroe Independent School District

TX

$90 (Tuesdays-Thursdays, certified); $100 (Mondays & Fridays, certified); $80 (Tuesdays-Thursdays, non-certified); $90 (Mondays & Fridays, non-certified); $115 (T-Th)/$125 (M, F) (long-term, certified); $105 (T-Th)/$115 (M, F) (long-term, non-certified)

58,239 36%

Corona-Norco Unified School District

CA

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

53,313 45%

Cumberland County Schools

NC

$90 (expired NC Teachers License, out-of-state teachers license, or completed Effective Teaching Training); $103 (Current NC Teaching Certificate); $115 (licensed, long-term (11+days) substitutes)

51,187 65%

Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District

TX

$90

113,936 49%

Dallas Independent School District

TX

$75 (60 college credits, non-certified); $85 (bachelor's, non-certified); $95 (bachelor's, certified)

158,586 88%

Davis School District

UT

$60 (non-degreed); $79 (degreed); $84 (certified); $101 (long-term)

71,721 22%

Dayton Public Schools

OH

After the 61st work day in same position, substitutes are placed on teacher's salary schedule; Issue not addressed for substitutes employed 1-60 days

13,846 92%

DeKalb County School District

GA

$85

101,389 72%

Denver Public Schools

CO

$104 (days 1-60); $146.81 (days 61+); $120 (retired teacher, days 1-60); $160.75 (retired teacher, days 61+)

90,235 68%

Des Moines Public Schools

IA

$135 (days 1-9); $170 (10-79 consecutive days); placed on salary schedule (80+ consecutive days)

33,067 75%

Desoto County School District

MS

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

33,140 54%

Detroit Public Schools Community District

MI

$107 (day-to-day substitutes in 2017-2018); $134 (long-term substitute rate in 2017-2018); $112 (day-to-day substitutes in 2018-2019); $140 (long-term substitute rate in 2018-2019)

45,795 73%

District of Columbia Public Schools

DC

$120

47,670 77%

Douglas County School District

CO

substitutes who hold a 3-year substitute authorization receive $100-$120/day; substitutes who hold a teaching license or 5-year substitute authorization receive $110-$130/day

66,896 12%

Duval County Public Schools

FL

$66.50 (60 credits or AA); $84 (BA)

128,335 49%

El Paso Independent School District

TX

$80 (degreed, days 1-9), $70 (non-degreed, days 1-9), $90 (degreed, days 10+), $100 (non-degreed, days 10+), $164 (certified, vacant or long term position), $174 (certified, special education)

60,047 70%

Elk Grove Unified School District

CA

$135 (days 1-60), $160 (days 61-120), $175 (days 121+), $200 (retired Elk Grove teachers)

62,533 55%

Fairfax County Public Schools

VA

$14.23/hour (short-term [less than 11 days]); $20.14/hour (long-term [11+ consecutive days]); $15.33 (Retired FCPS teacher, short-term [less than 11 days]); $21.91 (long-term [11+ consecutive days])

185,807 27%

Fort Bend Independent School District

TX

$85 (no license, days 1-10); $95 (Texas certified, days 1-10); $120 (for all, days 11-30); $160 (30 days or more for the same teacher & certified in subject-area)

73,115 34%

Fort Wayne Community Schools

IN

$95

29,483 65%

Fort Worth Independent School District

TX

$73 (60 college credits); $80 (bachelor's degree and above)

87,080 76%

Fresno Unified School District

CA

$109.66 (1-49 days); $111.67 (50-99 days); $116.82 (100+ days); $134.65 (long-term)

73,440 86%

Frisco Independent School District

TX

$90 (certified), $80 (degreed, not certified)

53,300 11%

Fulton County Schools

GA

$100 daily; $120 long-term

95,641 47%

Garland Independent School District

TX

$85 (degreed); $100 (certified); $120 (retired teacher)

57,517 66%

Granite School District

UT

$84.84 high school degree; $87.99 for associate's or bachelor's degree; $93.17 for licensed teacher; $109.76 retired teacher

70,100 57%

Greenville County Schools

SC

Non-certified: $78.90 non-certified; South Carolina Certified: $118.35

76,313 48%

Guilford County Schools

NC

$103 (certified); $80 (non-certified)

73,151 65%

Gwinnett County Public Schools

GA

$87 daily (60 college credits); $97 long term (10 or more consecutive days in same classroom)

176,052 54%

Hartford Public Schools

CT

$117.06 (non-certified), $123.52 (certified), $261.74 (long-term [36+ consecutive days])

20,870 78%

Hawaii Department of Education

HI

$172.39 (certified); $159.49 (bachelor's degree without certification); $146.58 (non-degreed)

181,995 50%

Henrico County Public Schools

VA

$83.84 (days 1-20); board substitute pay rate (days 20+)

51,534 40%

Hillsborough County Public Schools

FL

$64.16 (Level I/transitioned substitute); $67.36 (Level II/moldered substitute [non-degreed]), $77.94 (Level III/Bachelor's degree), $90 (Level IV/certified)

211,923 59%

Houston Independent School District

TX

$77.78 (non-degreed); $91.19 (Bachelor's degree); $99.77 (degreed and TX certified)

215,627 76%

Howard County Public School System

MD

$80 (non-degreed); $90 (bachelors); $108 (retired teacher or non-degreed long-term); $118 (degreed, long-term or retired and long-term)

54,870 21%

Indianapolis Public Schools

IN

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

29,583 71%

Jackson Public Schools

MS

$50 (days 1-20), $85 (days 21+)

28,019 100%

Jeffco Public Schools

CO

$100 (1-60 days), $105 (61-90 days), $115 (90+ days)

86,721 31%

Jefferson County Public Schools

KY

$100.49 - $153.04, depending on credit hours/bachelors or masters degrees and years of service in the district

100,431 64%

Jefferson Parish Public School System

LA

issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

48,389 76%

Jordan School District

UT

$82 (degreed); $90 (certified); $106 (retired teachers from any Utah school district)

52,985 24%

Kanawha County Schools

WV

$129.34 (BA); $132.38 (BA +15); $139.45 (MA); $142.50 (MA +15); $145.54 (MA +30); $148.58 (MA+45); $152.72 (PHD)

27,346 47%

Kansas City Public Schools, MO

MO

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

15,573 99%

Katy Independent School District

TX

$85 (non-degreed, days 1-19); $95 (bachelors, days 1-19); $155 (bachelors, 20+ days); $100 (teaching certificate, days 1-19); $180 (teaching certificate, 20+ days)

72,952 28%

Klein Independent School District

TX

$80 (non-degreed), $90 (degreed, days 1-14), $95 (degreed & Texas Certified, days 1-14), $120 (degreed, days 15+), $160 (degreed & Texas Certified, days 15+)

50,594 41%

Knox County Schools

TN

$72 (uncertified); $104 (certified); $124 (retired teacher and certified)

59,922 46%

Laramie County School District 1

WY

issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

14,029 43%

Lewisville Independent School District

TX

$90 (non-certified, days 1-15); $95 (certified, days 1-15); $105 (bachelors, days 16+); $125 (TX certified, days 16+)

53,490 33%

Little Rock School District

AR

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

24,797 81%

Long Beach Unified School District

CA

$152.22 (daily); $228.07 (long-term, 21+ days)

77,565 66%

Los Angeles Unified School District

CA

$190.97 day-to-day ($257.73 if part of incentive plan for certain schools); $257.73 extended rate

634,827 79%

Loudoun County Public Schools

VA

$110 (high school diploma, daily); $154 (degreed, long-term)

76,202 17%

Manchester School District

NH

$70

14,325 58%

Mesa Public Schools

AZ

$95 for days .5-45 days; $100 for 45.5-90 days; $105 for 90.5-135 days, $110 for 135.5+ days; $130 for long-term assignments (substitute certificate); $167 for long-term assignments (teaching certificate)

64,295 59%

Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools

TN

$90 (60 college credits); $100 (bachelors); $115 (teaching license)

85,120 71%

Miami-Dade County Public Schools

FL

Associate's degree: $71; Degreed: $97; Pool reserve: $123

357,579 72%

Milwaukee Public Schools

WI

$158

75,749 67%

Minneapolis Public Schools

MN

$160 (short-call); $170 (long-call); $180 (reserve cadre)

36,645 63%

Mobile County Public Schools

AL

$58 (substitute certificate); $75 (Retired MCPSS Certified Employee with an expired certificate, substitute license); $90 (AL teacher certificate); $120 (AL teacher certificate and highly qualified)

56,895 49%

Montgomery County Public Schools

MD

$135.04 (certificated; short-term); $127.61 (non-certificated; short-term); $192.33 (certificated; long-term); $182.11 (non-certificated; long-term); $208.49 (certificated; long-term (45+days)); $200.32 (non-certificated; long-term (45+days));

156,380 35%

New Haven Public Schools

CT

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

21,602 59%

New York City Department of Education

NY

$168.54

957,480 70%

Newark Public Schools

NJ

$140 (with BA); $120 (60 credits)

35,330 79%

Norfolk Public Schools

VA

$84.04 daily; $114.71 long-term

32,148 67%

North East Independent School District

TX

$90 daily (certified); $85 daily (degreed, uncertified); $135 long-term (10+ consecutive days)

67,779 46%

Northside Independent School District

TX

$90 (certified); $80 (degreed, not certified); $75 (90+ semester hours); $120 (certified long-term [20+ days])

105,110 51%

Oakland Unified School District

CA

$134.22 (daily); $156.97 (long-term); $172.89 (extended long-term)

48,949 74%

Oklahoma City Public Schools

OK

$55 (non-certified; HS diploma); $65 (non-certified; BA/MA/PhD); $80 (certified)

40,823 84%

Omaha Public Schools

NE

$150 (certified teacher subsitute), $160 long term (10 consecutive days or longer in one position)

51,966 74%

Orange County Public Schools

FL

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

196,951 65%

Orleans Parish Public Schools

LA

issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

14,795 50%

Osceola County School District

FL

$9.50/hour (high school diploma); $10/hour (60 college credits); $11.20/hour (bachelor's); $12/hour (retired teachers)

61,893 63%

Pasadena Independent School District

TX

$75 (non-degreed, days 1-10); $90 (degreed, days 1-10); $90 (certified, days 1-10); $85 (non-degreed, days 11+); $95, days 11+); $120 (certified, days 11+)

56,019 76%

Pasco County Schools

FL

$65 (high school diploma, days 1-10), $70 (BA, days 1-10), $75 (retired teacher or valid teaching certificate, days 1-10), $85 (high school diploma or higher, 11-29 days), $95 (retired teacher or valid teaching certificate, 11-29 days); $160 (BA and current teaching certificate, 30+ days)

70,566 56%

Pinellas County Schools

FL

issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

103,495 51%

Pittsburgh Public Schools

PA

$120 (daily); $136 (40+ days worked, not consecutively)

23,776 62%

Plano Independent School District

TX

$96 (days 1-20); $228 (days 21+)

54,570 29%

Polk County Public Schools

FL

$80 daily (days 1-10); $90 long-term (11+ days on assignment in same classroom)

101,635 57%

Portland Public Schools, ME

ME

issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

6,829 55%

Portland Public Schools, OR

OR

$196.20 daily; $221.87 long-term (10+ days)

46,439 39%

Prince George's County Public Schools

MD

$70.38 (non-degreed); $102 (Bachelor's or higher); $153 (retired PGCPS teacher with valid teaching certificate)

128,922 63%

Prince William County Public Schools

VA

$85 (non-degreed); $96 (bachelors, days 1-10)

87,793 40%

Providence Public School District

RI

$100 for daily substitutes; $150 in 1st year and $200 thereafter for long term substitutes

23,633 79%

Red Clay Consolidated School District

DE

$113.58 (long-term subsitutes); issue not addressed for short-term subsitutes

15,846 43%

Richmond Public Schools

VA

$73.08 (Degreed); $126.91 (Degreed Long-Term); $62.93 (Non-Degreed [60 credit hours]); $125.23 (Non-Degreed Long-Term [60 credit hours])

23,980 94%

Rochester City School District

NY

$119

28,636 85%

Sacramento City Unified School District

CA

$198.30 (for service after the 5th day), $130.41 (for 1-5 days of service)

46,529 71%

San Antonio Independent School District

TX

issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

53,069 92%

San Bernardino City Unified School District

CA

$125 (days 1-20); $135 (long-term [days 21+], and retired San Bernardino teachers)

53,092 89%

San Diego Unified School District

CA

$145.64 (days 1-5); $154.20 for established day-to-day substitutes (those who work more than 50% of the instructional days); $162.76 long-term (5+ days)

129,034 61%

San Francisco Unified School District

CA

$161.48/day (July 1, 2017, 1 to 70 daily assignments), $167.94/day (July 1, 2018, 1 to 70 daily assignments); $174.66/day (July 1, 2019, 1 to 70 daily assignments); $195.35 (July 1, 2017, 71 or more daily assignments), $203.16 (July 1, 2018, 71 or more daily assignments); $211.29 (July 1, 2019, 71 or more daily assignments)

58,445 56%

San Juan Unified School District

CA

$110 (daily), $150 (retired), $135 (long term)

49,459 51%

Santa Ana Unified School District

CA

$105 (days 1-10), $120 (11+ days)

55,757 90%

School District of Lee County

FL

Issue not addressed in scope of NCTQ reviewed documents

91,309 55%

School District of Palm Beach County

FL

$11.33/hour (30-59 semester hours); $11.59/hour (60+ semester hours); $13.39/hour (Bachelor's degree); $13.91/hour (retired teachers)

189,322 59%

School District of Philadelphia

PA

$126.76 (BA; non-certified or certified out of state); $160.10 (certified); $224.06 (district retiree); $200 (21+days); $229.92 (21+ days; district retiree)

131,295 100%

Seattle Public Schools

WA

$171.20 (days 0.5-29.5); $178.88 (days 30-59.9); $186.80 (days 60-89.9); $198.80 (90+ days)

53,317 32%

Seminole County Public Schools

FL

$62.73 (substitute certificate); $76.69 (bachelor's); $81.80 (master's); $92.03 (retired/on leave; special ed)

66,996 48%

Shelby County Schools

TN

$98.06 for daily substitutes; $163 for long-term substitutes (beginning the 21st consecutive day)

112,020 82%

Sioux Falls School District

SD

$100 daily; $137.50 long-term (30+ consecutive days)

24,109 47%

St. Louis Public Schools

MO

$93 for day-to-day substitutes; $115 for substitutes assigned to one location; $145 for substitutes assigned to one certificated teaching assignment for 26 consecutive school days

24,496 100%

St. Paul Public Schools

MN

$130 a day for up to 159 hours; $135 a day for after 160 hours; $140 a day for after 300 hours; $150 long-term (15+ continuous days)

37,646 70%

Toledo Public Schools

OH

$91.17 - $113.15

22,052 77%

Tucson Unified School District

AZ

$100 (days 1-15); $125 (days 15+)

47,842 66%

Tulsa Public Schools

OK

$60 (H.S. Diploma/GED); $65 (Associate's with at least 48 college hours, or Bachelor's degree); $75 for days 1-9 (OK teacher certification); $90 for 10+ continuous days (OK teacher certification)

39,455 85%

Virginia Beach City Public Schools

VA

$89 (non-licensed); $91.50 (non-licensed; site-assigned designated substitute); $99 (licensed); $124.32 (long-term substitutes)

69,777 37%

Volusia County Schools

FL

$9.29/hr (high school diploma); $10.49/hr (associate's); $12.08/hr (bachelor's); $12.97 (master's)

62,928 64%

Wake County School District

NC

$103 (certified); $80 (non-certified)

157,584 35%

Washoe County Public Schools

NV

$90

66,504 47%

West Ada School District

ID

$80 non-certified; $90-certified

37,449 22%

Wichita Public Schools

KS

$99 (Bachelor's degree, days 1-10); $102 (Master's degree, days 1-10); $139 (Bachelor's degree, days 11+); $147 (Master's degree, days 11+)

50,148 74%

Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools

NC

$103 (certified); $86 (non-certified, completed Effective Teaching Training); $80 (non-certified)

54,984 60%