The reality: They don't. A new studydigs into why survey data incorrectly suggest that our teachers spend so much more time teaching a classroom of students (as opposed to other kinds of activities such as planning, classroom duty and tutoring students, which are counted separately) than teachers in other countries.
The graph above depicts teachers' responses to the survey question used to gather U.S. data on teaching time–notice a pattern?
The question intends for teachers to add up how much time they spend teaching each week and then round to the nearest hour. The responses spike at intervals of five, suggesting that teachers estimated the amount of time they teach each day to the nearest hour and multiplied by five (for the five instructional days in the week), leading to an inflated amount of teaching time.
For example, teachers who teach five 45-minute classes a day should have reported 19 hours of teaching per week, but instead reported 25 hours, rounding a 45-minute period to an hour.
This error of rounding seems to explain why, year after year, the OECD's Education at a Glance reports that U.S. teachers spend significantly more time in front of their classrooms than do teachers in other countries.
Another reason to suspect the reported amount of teaching time is inflated? About a quarter of the survey respondents reported teaching their students more hours than the length of the school day itself.