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Findings by State - California

Overview

Scope of Review in California
  15260 New teachers from the state's higher education institutions included in Review (2010)
  63 Institutions evaluated by NCTQ in the 2013 Review
-70 elementary programs, undergraduate (UG) and graduate (G)
-65 secondary programs, undergraduate (UG) and graduate (G)
  44 Institutions with sufficient data for an overall program rating
-Collectively supplying 82% of the state's traditionally trained teachers
-47 elementary programs, undergraduate (UG) and graduate (G)
-46 secondary programs, undergraduate (UG) and graduate (G)
49% Institutions sharing information for the Review
Big "take-aways" about teacher preparation in California:

  • Highly rated programs -- Four secondary programs made NCTQ's Teacher Prep Review Honor Roll, earning at least three out of four possible stars. They were University of California - Berkeley (graduate secondary), University of California - Irvine (undergraduate secondary), University of California - San Diego (graduate secondary) and University of Redlands (undergraduate secondary). No elementary programs made the Honor Roll. Across the country, NCTQ identified only 21 elementary programs (4 percent of those rated) and 84 secondary programs (14 percent) for the Honor Roll.

  • Selectivity in admissions -- The Review found that only 9 percent of elementary and secondary programs in California restrict admissions to the top half of the college-going population, compared to 28 percent nationwide. Countries where students consistently outperform the U.S. typically set an even higher bar, with teacher prep programs recruiting candidates from the top third of the college-going population.

Some worry that increasing admissions requirements will have a negative effect on the diversity of teacher candidates. By increasing the rigor and therefore the prestige of teacher preparation the profession will attract more talent, including talented minorities. This is not an impossible dream: 83 programs across the country earn a Strong Design designation on this standard because they are both selective and diverse, including Loyola Marymount University (undergraduate elementary and secondary), University of Redlands (undergraduate elementary and secondary) and University of California - San Diego (graduate elementary and secondary).

  • Elementary Content preparation -- Only 3 percent of California's elementary programs earn three or four stars for providing teacher candidates adequate content preparation, compared to 11 percent of elementary programs nationwide, largely due to programs not verifying if elementary teacher candidates have a suitable background in the content that they will be teaching before they are admitted to their programs.

  • High School Content preparation -- At the high school level, only 11 percent of California secondary programs earn four stars for content preparation, compared to 35 percent nationwide.

  • Early reading instruction -- 33 percent of evaluated elementary programs in California are preparing teacher candidates in effective, scientifically based reading instruction, similar to the minority of programs (29 percent) providing such training nationally.

  • Elementary math -- A mere 19 percent of evaluated elementary programs nationwide provide strong preparation to teach elementary mathematics, training that mirrors the practices of higher performing nations such as Singapore and South Korea. Only 2 percent of the evaluated elementary programs in California provide such training, attributable in part to state restrictions that do not give programs sufficient time to provide the specialized knowledge in mathematics that elementary teachers need.

  • Student teaching -- Of the evaluated elementary and secondary programs in California, 74 percent entirely fail to ensure a high quality student teaching experience, in which candidates are assigned only to highly skilled teachers and receive frequent concrete feedback, quite comparable to the 71 percent of programs across the country that failed this standard.

  • Classroom management -- Only 5 percent of the evaluated California elementary and secondary programs earn a perfect four stars for providing feedback to teacher candidates on concrete classroom management strategies to improve classroom behavior, compared to 23 percent of evaluated programs nationwide.

  • Outcome data -- Nearly all of California's evaluated programs -- 97 percent -- earn four stars for collecting data on their graduates, compared to 26 percent of evaluated programs in the national sample.

California Elementary Teacher Prep Rating Distribution

California Secondary Teacher Prep Rating Distribution

Programs that earned 3-star rating or more
University of California - Berkeley - Graduate Secondary
University of California - Irvine - Undergraduate Secondary
University of California - San Diego - Graduate Secondary
University of Redlands - Undergraduate Secondary
Consumer Alert: Programs earning no stars
 

Endorsers of the Review in California

DFER California
Education Trust - West
EdVoice
Students Matter

Richard Carranza, Superintendent, San Francisco Unified School District
John Deasy, Superintendent, Los Angeles Unified School District
Carlos Garcia, former Superintendent, San Francisco Unified School District
William Kowba, former Superintendent, San Diego Unified School District
Jonathan Raymond, Superintendent, Sacramento City Unified School District
Anthony Smith, Superintendent, Oakland Unified School District

California's Teacher Prep Review was made possible by the following foundations and organizations

California funders
Arthur Rock
Chamberlin Family Foundation
Anonymous (2)

A limited portion of funds was provided by national funders
Carnegie Corporation of New York
Gleason Family Foundation
Laura and John Arnold Foundation
Michael & Susan Dell Foundation
Searle Freedom Trust
The Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
The Teaching Commission
Anonymous (2)

Institution List

Institutions with Teacher Training Rated
 
Alliant International University Annual new teacher production (2010):  102
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Azusa Pacific University Annual new teacher production (2010):  468
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Biola University Annual new teacher production (2010):  70
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Brandman University Annual new teacher production (2010):  709
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California Baptist University Annual new teacher production (2010):  82
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California Lutheran University Annual new teacher production (2010):  115
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo Annual new teacher production (2010):  188
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State Polytechnic University - Pomona Annual new teacher production (2010):  60
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Bakersfield Annual new teacher production (2010):  412
Undergraduate Elementary
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Channel Islands Annual new teacher production (2010):  82
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Chico Annual new teacher production (2010):  287
Undergraduate Elementary
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Dominguez Hills Annual new teacher production (2010):  398
Undergraduate Elementary
Graduate Elementary
Undergraduate Secondary
Graduate Secondary
Graduate Special Education
California State University - East Bay Annual new teacher production (2010):  402
Undergraduate Elementary
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Fresno Annual new teacher production (2010):  381
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Fullerton Annual new teacher production (2010):  916
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Long Beach Annual new teacher production (2010):  732
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Los Angeles Annual new teacher production (2010):  415
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Graduate Special Education Some standard scores available
California State University - Monterey Bay Annual new teacher production (2010):  201
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Northridge Annual new teacher production (2010):  576
Undergraduate Elementary
Graduate Elementary
Undergraduate Secondary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Sacramento Annual new teacher production (2010):  473
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - San Bernardino Annual new teacher production (2010):  473
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - San Marcos Annual new teacher production (2010):  301
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
California State University - Stanislaus Annual new teacher production (2010):  391
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Chapman University Annual new teacher production (2010):  84
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Claremont Graduate University Annual new teacher production (2010):  112
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Concordia University Irvine Annual new teacher production (2010):  67
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Undergraduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Dominican University of California Annual new teacher production (2010):  103
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Fresno Pacific University Annual new teacher production (2010):  107
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Holy Names University Annual new teacher production (2010):  20
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Hope International University Annual new teacher production (2010):  23
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Humboldt State University Annual new teacher production (2010):  98
Undergraduate Elementary
Graduate Elementary
La Sierra University Annual new teacher production (2010):  36
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Loyola Marymount University Annual new teacher production (2010):  321
Undergraduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Elementary
Undergraduate Secondary
Graduate Secondary
Mills College Annual new teacher production (2010):  28
Undergraduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Undergraduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Mount St. Mary's College Annual new teacher production (2010):  26
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
National Hispanic University Annual new teacher production (2010):  28
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
National University Annual new teacher production (2010):  1723
Undergraduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Undergraduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Notre Dame de Namur University Annual new teacher production (2010):  84
Undergraduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Point Loma Nazarene University Annual new teacher production (2010):  204
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Saint Mary's College of California Annual new teacher production (2010):  94
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
San Diego State University Annual new teacher production (2010):  489
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
San Francisco State University Annual new teacher production (2010):  946
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
San Jose State University Annual new teacher production (2010):  390
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Santa Clara University Annual new teacher production (2010):  54
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Simpson University Annual new teacher production (2010):  56
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Sonoma State University Annual new teacher production (2010):  238
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
Stanford University Annual new teacher production (2010):  83
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of California - Berkeley Annual new teacher production (2010):  48
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of California - Davis Annual new teacher production (2010):  123
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of California - Irvine Annual new teacher production (2010):  204
Undergraduate Secondary
Graduate Secondary
University of California - Los Angeles Annual new teacher production (2010):  152
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of California - Riverside Annual new teacher production (2010):  96
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of California - San Diego Annual new teacher production (2010):  65
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary
University of California - Santa Barbara Annual new teacher production (2010):  82
Graduate Elementary
University of California - Santa Cruz Annual new teacher production (2010):  99
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of La Verne Annual new teacher production (2010):  226
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of Redlands Annual new teacher production (2010):  168
Undergraduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Undergraduate Secondary
University of San Diego Annual new teacher production (2010):  72
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of San Francisco Annual new teacher production (2010):  77
Graduate Elementary
Graduate Secondary
University of Southern California Annual new teacher production (2010):  68
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
University of the Pacific Annual new teacher production (2010):  38
Undergraduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Vanguard University of Southern California Annual new teacher production (2010):  47
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available
Whittier College Annual new teacher production (2010):  47
Graduate Elementary Some standard scores available
Graduate Secondary Some standard scores available

Institutions with Teacher Training Not Rated

Antioch University Los Angeles
Antioch University Santa Barbara
Argosy University
San Diego Christian College
United States University
Hebrew Union College
The Master's College
Occidental College
Pacific Oaks
Pacific Union College
Patten University
Pepperdine University
Touro University
University of Phoenix
Westmont College
William Jessup University

State Context

Good preparation does not guarantee that teachers will ultimately be effective, but there is much that states can do to ensure that new teachers are classroom ready. The tables below are drawn from NCTQ's 2013 State Teacher Policy Yearbook (Full State Report here) and offer a summary of California's teacher preparation policies, identifying strong policies and those in need of improvement.

Each state has a set of laws, rules and regulations that govern how teachers are prepared for the classroom. These policies establish guidelines for admission to teacher preparation programs, set standards for what teachers should know and be able to do in order to be licensed, and can be used to hold preparation programs accountable for the quality of teachers they produce.

Although states regulate most aspects of how teachers are prepared, where in each state this authority lies is not standard across the country. And in some states, authority for different components of teacher preparation rests with different entities.