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Policy Issue: Teacher Prep/Initial Certification

2015 Elementary Reading

Yes: AL, CA, CT, FL, IL, IN, MA, MN, MS, NC, NH, NM, NY, OH, OK, TN, VA, WI, WV
Inadequate test: AR, AZ, DC, DE, GA, ID, KY, LA, ME, MO, NJ, OR, PA, RI, SC, TX, UT, VT, WA, WY
No: AK, CO, HI, IA, KS, MD, MI, MT, ND, NE, NV, SD
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Adequate test: AL, CA, CT, FL, IL, IN, MA, MN, MS, NC, NH, NM, NY, OH, OK, TN, VA, WI, WV
Inadequate test but included in preparation standards: AR, DE, GA, IA, ID, LA, MO, PA, SC, TX, UT, VT, WA
No test but included in preparation standards: CO, MD, MI
Neither test nor included in preparation standards: AK, AZ, DC, HI, KS, KY, ME, MT, ND, NE, NJ, NV, OR, RI, SD, WY
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  • Best Practices

    California stands out for its focus on elementary teachers readiness to teach reading and literacy skills. All elementary candidates must pass comprehensive assessments that specifically test the five elements of scientifically based reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension. California’s test frameworks go further than most states and specify that elementary teacher candidates must have the ability to not only build content knowledge and vocabulary through careful reading of informational and literary texts but also to challenge students with texts of increasing complexity. Candidates must also know how to incorporate literacy skills as an integral part of every subject and are prepared to intervene and support students who are struggling.

    NCTQ also commends states using the Foundations of Reading assessment to confirm that new elementary teachers are well grounded in scientifically based reading instruction. States using this state-of-the-art test are: Connecticut, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, North Carolina and Wisconsin.

  • How States are Faring in Elementary Reading


    Best Practice States



    State Meets Goal

    FL, MN, NC


    States Nearly Meet Goal

    AL, CT, IN, MA, MS, NH, NM, NY, OH, OK, VA, WV, WI


    States Meet Goal in Part

    AR, CO, ID, SC , TN , TX


    States Meet a Small Part of Goal

    AZ, DE, GA, IL, LA, MD, MI, MO, OR, PA, UT, VT, WA


    States Do Not Meet Goal

    AK, DC, HI, IA, KS, KY, ME, MT, NE, NV, NJ, ND, RI, SD, WY

    Progress on this Goal Since 2013:

    • :1
    • :49
    • :1